Programs

Preschool

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Global Children Montessori School offers the young child a program with a wide variety of learning experiences utilizing the Montessori approach to education. The intellectual, physical, social, and emotional progress of each child is documented in the records of the school and the Director/Teacher will discuss this progress with the child’s parents during the parent/teacher conferences. Children will be supervised at all times by at least one staff member. The program will be in session five days a week Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 5.30 p.m.

Our program is a 10-month program working for approximately 180 days. The Pre-School Program serves children between the ages three to five years.

The Montessori classroom is a “living room” for children. It is filled with a rich variety of specially designed materials for the children to use in every area: reading, writing, mathematics, science, geography practical life, and sensorial development. The abundance of materials makes it possible for the children to exercise more self-direction and independent work than is usually possible in a traditional classroom. They are given many more choices than a traditional environment could provide. Children choose their activities from open shelves with self-correcting materials and work in distinct work areas – on tables or on rugs on the floor. Over a period of time, the children develop into a “normalized community” working with high concentration and few interruptions. We make a high value on the child’s growing ability to make constructive choices, exercise self-control, and work independently of the adult.

The classroom offers space for movement, space for individual work, and space for group activities. Children are given opportunities to work in the development of language skill, art, music sensorial, and practical life. We use a number of multi-sensory, sequential, and self-correcting Montessori materials to facilitate learning. The tasks are designed so that each new step is built upon what the child has already mastered, thus removing the negative experience of frequent failure. A carefully planned series of successes builds upon inner confidence in the child assuring him that he can learn by himself. Due the fact that these are very real activities, each child becomes grounded in reality, building the child’s self esteem is the ultimate goal and this is accomplished through repeated successes with these activities. These confidence-building activities likewise contribute to the child’s healthy emotional development.

The Global Children Montessori classroom uses an environment that covers a number of different distinct areas where children learn concentration, order, sequence, and practical life skills.

The core of the Montessori curriculum is practical life, sensorial, language and mathematics activities. In addition to the core curriculum, there are enrichment activities, which include science, geography, and art and Spanish classes.

Practical Life

The practical life exercises enhance the development of task organization and cognitive order through care of self, care of the environment, exercises of grace and courtesy, and refinement of physical movement and coordination. This includes daily living tasks such as pouring juice, polishing shoes, sweeping and buttoning a shirt. To the child, these are meaningful activities that involve caring for himself or herself, other people and the environment. They promote to develop in the very young child a strong and realistic sense of independence and self-reliance. They also help children to concentrate, to expand their attention span and to improve their hand-eye coordination. There is a growing pride and confidence in being able to “do it for myself” tasks.

  • Working carefully and neatly
  • Dressing oneself
  • Learning home address and phone number
  • Pouring liquids without spilling
  • Using knives and scissors with good control
  • Putting materials away on the shelves where they belong when finished
  • Dusting, polishing and washing just about anything: floors, tables, silver
  • Sweeping and vacuuming floors and rugs
  • Flower arranging
  • Caring for plants and animals
  • Table setting-serving yourself-table manners
  • Simple use of needle and thread
  • Using common household tools: tweezers, tongs, eye-droppers, locks, scissors, knives
  • Increasingly precise eye-hand coordination
  • Simple cooking and food preparation
  • Dish washing
  • Sewing
  • Caring for young children
Sensorial

The sensorial materials enable the child to order, classify, seriate, and describe sensory impressions in relation, length, width, temperature, mass, color, etc. These materials isolate a defining quality, such as color, size, sound, texture or shape. These are exercises in perception, observation, fine discrimination, and classification that play a major role in helping our children to develop their sense of logic and concentration.

  • Discrimination of length, width, and height
  • Discrimination of volume
  • Discrimination in multiple dimensions
  • Discrimination among color tones
  • Discrimination among geometric shapes for shape and relative size
  • Discrimination among solid geometric shapes by sight and touch
  • Solving of complex abstract puzzles in three dimensions
  • Discrimination of intensity and nature of sounds
  • Discrimination among musical tones
  • Discrimination of texture by touch
  • Discrimination of weight by touch
  • Discrimination of temperature by touch
  • Discrimination of scents
Language

In this area, the child will work with such things as the sound box to hear different phonetic sound of each alphabet, “sandpaper letters”, which gives them the shape of the letters, the “Moveable Alphabet”, which allow them to arrange the letters into words and the “Metal Insets”, which make it possible for the child to control a writing instrument. These instruments provide ease and interest in learning language.

Mathematics

In this area, children will start to recognize the quantity with the numbers 1 through 10. They will be working with various materials like number rods, spindle box, numbers and counters to identify the number to the quantity. Then they are introduced to the decimal system. At the age of 5, the function of the four operations of numbers is introduced.

Enrichment Activities within the Classroom

Geography
The children are given an introduction to physical and cultural geography through the use of wooden puzzle maps and other activities. Studies about countries and activities with objects and snacks from other countries, and international celebrations are all part of geography.

Science
These are nature related activities. Studies of plants and animals include parts of various plants, vertebrates, habitats and weather conditions that support particular plants and animals

Spanish
Spanish lessons are offered twice a week by Mrs. Tere. She teaches songs, words, simple conversations in spanish.

Art
Painting, color mixing, collage and printmaking are just some of the activities provided to show the care and use of art materials, to encourage creativity, and just to have fun! The Kindergarten level children do art appreciation activities based on the study of particular artists such as Monet, Matisse and Cassatt.We are offering art class once a week. The lesson is offered by an art teacher. She will introduce the wide variety of art and art materials in a relaxed and fun environment.

Pre-School Daily Schedule
8.00 am – 8.50 am Before school (Breakfast time, reading books and free play)
8.50 am – 9.00 am Arrival
9.00 am – 11.30 am Montessori instruction. (Snack is provided)
11.30 am – noon Outside playing time
Noon Dismissal for half day children
Noon – 1.00 pm Lunch time
1.00 pm – 3.00 pm Nap time
3.00 pm – 4.00 pm snack and instructional game time
3.30 pm- 5.30 pm After School Free Play time
5 year olds – Kindergarten program

Our Montessori Kindergarten children also have the important advantage of remaining with children of mixed ages. Mixing ages provides our kindergarten children with abundant opportunities to develop leadership skills and responsibility and gives the children greater social diversity. This is the ‘leadership year’. They have friends of all ages. The mixed ages and widely varied achievement levels of the children greatly minimize comparisons and competition, which are so damaging to young children. It also does wonders for a kindergarten child’s self-esteem to be admired and looked up to by the younger children. The traditional kindergarten, by contrast, only has children who are 5 by September 1st. In a room full of 5 year olds, only a few can be leaders.

The key concept in Montessori is the child’s interest and readiness for advanced work. If a child is not developmentally ready to go on, she is not left behind or made to feel like a failure. Our goal is not to ensure that our children develop at a predetermined rate, but to ensure that whatever they do, they do well. Most Montessori children master a tremendous amount of information and skills. Even in the rare case where one of our children may not have made as much progress as we would have wished, he will usually be moving along steadily at his own pace and will feel good about himself as a learner.

The core of the Global Children Montessori Kindergarten curriculum is language, mathematics, science, geography practical life, and sensorial. In addition to the core Kindergarten curriculum, the child is also presented with history, music, art, and movement education.

Language

The language work includes oral language development, written expression, reading, the study of grammar, and creative dramatics. The language materials include objects and pictures to be named, matched, labeled and classified to aid vocabulary development. Textured letters allow the child to feel and see the alphabet. Phonics and the movable alphabet lead the child toward reading.

Reading

The development of the concept that written words are actual thoughts set down on paper. (This takes children much longer than most people realize.)
Early exercises to practice reading and to gain the concept of a noun: labeling objects with written name tags, mastering increasingly complex words naming things that interest them, such as the parts of a flower, geometric shapes, the materials in the classroom, etc.
Learning to recognize verbs: normally exercises in which the child reads a card with a verbal “command” printed out (such as run, sit, walk, etc.) and demonstrates his understanding by acting it out. As the child’s reading vocabulary increases, verbal commands involve full sentences and multiple steps: “Place the mat on the table and bring back a red pencil.”
Reading specially selected or prepared small books on topics that really interest the child, such as in science, geography, nature or history.

Handwriting

Moveable Alphabets’ made up of easily manipulated plastic letters is used for the early stages of phonetic word creation, the analysis of words, and spelling. They facilitate early reading and writing tasks during the period when young children are still not comfortable with their own writing skills. Even before the children are comfortable in their handwriting skills, they spell words, compose sentences and stories.

Then they are taken step by step as follows to write neatly.

First children write on special tilted, upright blackboards: unlined, wide-lined, and narrow-lined. Then they write on special writing tablets, becoming comfortable with script. Their writing interest is kept on flame by preparing written answers to simple questions, composing stories to follow a picture series.
At the age of 6, they are ready to write stories or poems on given simple themes.

Spelling

Children begin to spell using the moveable alphabet to sound out and spell words as they are first learning to read. They ‘take dictation’ – spelling words called for by the teacher – as a daily exercise. The sequence of spelling, as with all language skills, begins much earlier than is traditional in this country, during a time when children are spontaneously interested in language. It continues throughout their education.

  • Learning to sound out and spell simple phonetic words.
  • Learning to recognize and spell words involving phonograms, such as ei, ai, or ough.
  • Developing a first “personal” dictionary of words that they can now spell.
  • Learning to recognize and spell the “puzzle words” of English: words that are non-phonetic and are not spelled as they sound.

Grammar

The study of grammar begins almost immediately after the child begins to read, during the sensitive period when he is spontaneously interested in language. It continues over several years until mastered. The idea is to introduce grammar to the young child as she is first learning how to put thoughts down on paper, when the process is natural and interesting, rather than waiting until the student is much older and finds the work tedious.

We introduce our children to the function of the parts of speech one at a time through many games and exercises that isolate the one element under study. Montessori has assigned a geometric symbol to represent each element of grammar. (For example, verbs are represented by a large red circle.) The children analyze sentences by placing the symbols for the appropriate part of speech over each word.

Once students have mastered the concrete symbols for the parts of speech, they perform more advanced exercises for several years with grammar boxes set up to allow them to analyze sentences by their parts of speech.

Mathematics

The Montessori math materials, through concrete manipulative materials, allows the child to internalize the concepts of number, symbol, sequence, operations, and memorization of basic facts. This is a concrete experience in the Montessori classroom. Special materials such as spindle boxes and bead bars allow the child to see what “nothing” or zero looks like, or to see that multiplying 5×5 can be done with 5 bars of 5 beads each. Development of the concept of the four basic mathematical operations: addition, subtraction, division, and multiplication through work with the Montessori Golden Bead Material. The child builds numbers with the bead material and performs mathematical operations concretely. Work with this material over a long period is critical to the full understanding of abstract mathematics for all but a few exceptional children. This process tends to develop in the child a much deeper understanding of mathematics. Introduction to the decimal system. Units, tens, hundreds, thousands are represented by specially prepared concrete learning materials that show the decimal hierarchy in three dimensional form: units = single beads, tens = a bar of 10 units, hundreds = 10 ten bars fastened together into a square, thousands = a cube ten units long ten units wide and ten units high. The children learn to first recognize the quantities, then to form numbers with the bead or cube materials through 9,999 and to read them back, to read and write numerals up to 9,999, and to exchange equivalent quantities of units for tens, tens for hundreds, etc. Linear Counting: learning the number facts to ten (what numbers make ten, basic addition up to ten); learning the teens (11 = one ten + one unit), counting by tens (34 = three tens + four units) to one hundred. Development of the concept of “dynamic” addition and subtraction through the manipulation of the concrete math materials. (Addition and subtraction where exchanging and regrouping of numbers is necessary.) Memorization of the basic math facts: adding and subtracting numbers under 10 without the aid of the concrete materials. Development of further abstract understanding of addition, subtraction, division, and multiplication with large numbers through the Stamp Game (a manipulative system that represents the decimal system as color-keyed “stamps”) and the Small and Large Bead Frames (color-coded abacuses). Skip counting with the chains of the squares of the numbers from zero to ten: i.e., counting to 25 by 5′s, to 36 by 6′s, etc. Developing first understanding of the concept of the “square” of a number. Skip counting with the chains of the cubes of the numbers zero to ten: i.e., counting to 1,000 by ones or tens. Developing the first understanding of the concept of a “cube” of a number. Beginning the “passage to abstraction,” the child begins to solve problems with paper and pencil while working with the concrete materials. Eventually, the materials are no longer needed. Development of the concept of long multiplication and division through concrete work with the bead and cube materials. Development of more abstract understanding of “short” division through more advanced manipulative materials (Division Board). Money: units, history, equivalent sums, foreign currencies (units and exchange). Sensorial exploration of plane and solid figures at the Primary level the children learn to recognize the names and basic shapes of plane and solid geometry through manipulation of special wooden geometric insets. They then learn to order them by size or degree. Study of the basic properties and definitions of the geometric shapes. This is essentially as much a reading exercise as mathematics since the definitions are part of the early language materials.

Geography

The children are given an introduction to physical and cultural geography through the use of wooden puzzle maps and other activities. Studies about countries and activities with objects and snacks from other countries, and international celebrations are all part of geography.

Physical Geography

The Puzzle Maps These are specially made maps in the forms of intricate, color-coded, wooden jigsaw puzzles representing the continents, the countries of each continent, and the states of the U.S. Learn the names of given countries, the continents of the globe, the nations of North America, South America, and Europe, along with most of the states of the U.S.

Land & Water Formations: materials designed to help the very young child understand basic land and water formations such as island, isthmus, peninsula, strait, lake, cape, bay, etc. At first, they are represented by three-dimensional models of each, complete with water. Then the children learn to recognize the shapes on maps, and learn about famous examples of each.

Cultural Geography

Countries are studied in many ways. A number of festivals are held every year to focus on specific cultures and to celebrate life together: Anything that the children find interesting is used to help them become familiar with the countries of the world: flags, boundaries, food, climate, traditional dress, houses, major cities, children’s toys and games, stamps, coins, traditional foods, art, music, and history. This interweaves through the entire curriculum.

Science

First puzzles representing the biological parts of flowers, root systems, and trees, along with the anatomical features of common animals. These are first used by very young children and puzzles, then as a means to learn the vocabulary, then are related to photos and/or the “real thing,” then traced onto paper, and finally with labels as a reading experience.

Nomenclature Cards:

Botany: identifying, naming, and labeling the parts of plants, trees, leaves, roots, and flowers.
Zoology: identifying, naming, and labeling the external parts of human beings, insects, fish, birds, and other animals.
Introduction of the families of the animal kingdom, and identification and classification of animals into the broad families. Introduction to the basic characteristics, lifestyles, habitats, and means of caring for young of each family in the animal kingdom

Kindergarten daily schedule

8.00 am – 8.50 am Before school (Breakfast time, reading books and free play)
8.50am – 9.00am Arrival
9.00am – 11.30 am Montessori instruction. (Snack is provided)
11.30am – noon Outside playing time
Noon Dismissal for half day children
Noon – 1.00pm Lunch time
1.00 pm – 3.00pm Montessori work for enriching reading, writing and math
3.00 pm – 4.00 pm snack and instructional game time
3.30 pm – 3.40 pm Dismissal
3.30- 5.30pm After School Free Play time
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4790 Baugher Farm Road
Ellicott City, Maryland 21043

Phone: 410-241-5771

Email: v4padma@gmail.com

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